In Egypt, an archaeological mission from the Ministry of Antiquities excavated the South Sinai and unearthed the remains of the “headquarters” of an ancient mining mission. The find belongs to the period of the Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt.
How informs Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, the building was discovered in the Wadi al-Nasb area of South Sinai. It is located about six kilometers west of the town of Serabit al-Khadim, where turquoise mines and the temple of the goddess Hathor, whose symbol was considered to be turquoise, were located.
This unique structure was built of sandstone. Archaeologists believe that it housed the “headquarters” from which the mining of copper and turquoise in ancient Egypt was controlled over 4,000 years ago. According to Mustafa Waziri, secretary general of the Supreme Council for Antiquities, the building was used as an administrative center for scattered mining groups heading to Sinai.
Preliminary analysis showed that it was built during the Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt and was used for several millennia. The building was probably abandoned only in the late Roman period.
Its area was 225 square meters. Next to it was the main well of these places, which in ancient times supplied the entire mining area with water. The building consisted of two main halls, two auxiliary rooms and a staircase leading to the roof. Its floor was made of sandstone slabs.