- include in the list of programs for pre-installation applications for reading e-books;
- preinstalled applications must be presented on the device screen in the same form (with equal or fewer actions to launch and use) as applications of the same class, the copyright holders of which are the device manufacturer, the developer of its operating system or their affiliates;
- it should be possible to remove preinstalled programs.
Why changes were required
Read on RBC Pro
The law on the compulsory pre-installation of Russian programs on smartphones, tablets, computers and TVs with the Smart TV function sold in the country entered effective from April 2021: all devices sold in the country manufactured after this date must have Russian software preinstalled. The types of applications, the selection criteria for specific programs and how exactly the installation should be carried out was determined by decree No. 1867, which It was adopted in November 2020: the list of specific applications is determined by the Ministry of Figures on the basis of an annual rating, which will include applications with an audience of at least 500 thousand users over the past year, with the exception of certain classes of programs. In each class, manufacturers must install an application from a single company, or two companies if the difference between the number of users is less than 5%. The exception is social networks, where it is necessary to install two Russian applications and audiovisual services (10).
Now most of the approved applications are VK services (until recently it was called Mail.ru Group) and Yandex, it also includes Kaspersky Lab’s antivirus, the Mir payment system, etc. Until now, three programs could be installed ways: full installation in the device memory; by placing the program icon on the screen, by clicking on which, the user can download the application; by placing a dialog box with which the user can load programs from each class when the device is first turned on.
At the end of August, a member of the State Duma Committee on Information Policy Anton Gorelkin requested the head of the Ministry of Digital Science, Maksut Shadayev, to check the implementation of the rules of the law on pre-installation by Apple. As he wrote TASS, according to the deputy, iPhone users faced difficulties when using Russian applications: you can skip the selection screen, and when you try to install, an error dialog appears, after which you can return to the selection screen only from the settings menu. “By default, the Google search engine is installed on Apple smartphones, with no options for choosing Russian counterparts,” Gorelkin pointed out.
Moreover, at the end of September, the government approved Yandex as a search engine should be used by default on gadgets sold in Russia from January 1. In addition, some of the amendments included in the draft were previously published by the Ministry of Digital Science on the Regulation.gov.ru portal. So, in the spring, the ministry suggested introduce the ability to remove preinstalled applications in response to complaints users. At the same time, Izvestia, with reference to the draft amendments to the government decree prepared by the Ministry of Digital wrotethat in addition to the application for reading books, it was planned to expand the list with three more services necessary for pre-installation: an online store, a service for listening to music and for holding conferences. However, against pre-installation of marketplaces spoke Association of Internet Trade Companies.
RBC sent a request to the Ministry of Digital and Apple.