Diseases carried by mosquitoes: how dangerous they are to humans

The most famous diseases from mosquitoes

In our country, there are up to 100 different types of bloodsucking mosquitoes, which belong to 8 different genera. Only five out of eight genera are carriers of infections, but this is enough to harm health. Infections are transmitted by biting, when the mosquito injects its saliva to keep the blood from clotting while it drinks it. Among the key infections that are possible through contact with insects:

  1. tularemia;

  2. malaria;

  3. arbovirus infection;

  4. dirofilariatosis caused by parasites;

  5. anthrax (purely theoretically, since this is a particularly dangerous infection).

The most common viral infections are West Nile fever (WNF), infections from the group of Californian encephalitis, Karelian fever and some others. They are detected, with the exception of WNV rarely.

In addition to all these infections, tourists who have vacationed in exotic countries and have been in contact with mosquitoes and “foreign” creatures can bring various other mosquito-borne diseases into the country.. This is the Zika virus, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis and a couple of dozen different exotic severe infections.

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