Tomatoes in the summer must be in the diet, as they contain useful substances that can prevent the development of melanoma. This was stated by a cardiologist-nutritionist, candidate of medical sciences, an employee of the Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety Tatyana Zaletova.
“Tomatoes are rich in the antioxidant lycopene, which is known to be a powerful skin cancer preventative. This is important in sunny weather. According to the recommendations for the level of intake of nutrients and biologically active substances, you should consume about five milligrams of lycopene per day, the upper allowable level is 10 milligrams. Tomatoes contain between 5 and 50 milligrams per kilogram of lycopene, depending on the variety. The lycopene content usually correlates with the intensity of the red color of the fruit. The redder the tomato, the more lycopene it contains.” Zaletova said in an interview with the city news agency “Moscow”.
According to her, “evaporation and roasting” of fruits leads to a concentration of lycopene in the final product. “So, if fresh tomatoes contain up to 50 milligrams per kilogram, then in ketchup – already up to 140 milligrams per kilogram, and in tomato paste – up to 1,500 milligrams per kilogram,” explained Tatiana Zaletova.
In addition, the doctor reminded that tomatoes are 94% water, which also has a good effect on the body in hot weather. According to the expert, lycopene is also found in guava, watermelon and papaya.
Skin cancer is a malignant neoplasm that develops from skin cells and connective tissues. One type of such cancer is melanoma, which can spread to other parts of the body. The expert told how to reduce the risk of this disease.