In San Luis Potosí, about 8,500 workers have already left the subcontracting scheme and were recognized by their real employers, but there are still areas of opportunity, said the Secretary of Labor and Social Welfare, Luisa María Alcalde.
At the signing of the agreement to formalize the agricultural workers in the state of Potosi, he recognized that especially in the agricultural export sector “the presence of recruiters, of intermediaries that persist despite the fact that the rules changed” is maintained.
The head of the STPS admitted that in labor matters “there are high rates of impunity, in which employers can continue to wash their hands and not recognize their workers and take responsibility for the new employment relationship.”
And he also said: “In the case of farm workers, we identified that in San Luis Potosí there are 70,000 workers in this salaried sector. We are not talking about self-employed workers, the owner of the plot that sows, but rather they are people: women and men who work in the fields and who have a boss”.
He said that of the 70,000 Potosi workers, 23,000 are registered with the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS). “Our specific goal is to go for the remaining 47ml.”
He also made public that “there is a high presence of recruiters, intermediaries and that there are agro-export companies that register a practically ridiculous number of workers, to put it plainly, because they are data from the IMSS.”
According to the objective of the STPS, to solve this problem, Secretary Mayor Luján listed that there are three:
Align the agro-exporting industry of Potosí with the reform in terms of subcontracting; protect labor rights and increase formality in the Potosí countryside as well as strengthen coordination between labor authorities.
Of the agreement that he signed, he said that “it is to make a territorial presence to enforce what is already an obligation today and is established in the Federal Labor Law.”
He announced that 3 criteria will be issued that allow standardizing what is sometimes not very well understood in the case of subcontracting:
Today in the country the subcontracting of personnel is prohibited. And these concepts are for all industries. And all companies must recognize the workers who provide them services in their essential activities, in their corporate purpose and their predominant economic activity.
He pointed out that an external service can only be received when it is specialized; but it must be justified. “In the case of the Mexican countryside, cutting, harvesting and harvesting is not a specialized activity.”
He announced that these criteria will be published next week in the Official Gazette of the Federation, which will help to make the subcontracting reform very clear “and that there be no shadows about who has labor responsibility over farm workers.”
And in another matter, regarding the commitments in labor matters within the framework of the T-MEC, he commented that “what is not of interest in the case of San Luis Potosí, has to do with the importation of merchandise produced with forced labor” .
He recalled that there have already been cases in the tomato sector of two Mexican companies, where they had orders to retain merchandise, due to various violations or indicators of forced labor.
“What we are going to do is in order to protect the workers, to comply with the law. With the signing of this agreement, a much more punctual path is already taken and it will allow us to evaluate the results”.
Finally, he proposed to the governor to make an evaluation in 90 days, to put an end to all kinds of simulations.