From October 12 to 20, solemn events were held in the Ryazan region and the Khabarovsk Territory in honor of the 190th anniversary of the famous geographer, ethnographer and traveler Mikhail Venyukov. Opening ceremonies of the busts of the scientist and round tables dedicated to his scientific heritage were held, a documentary film about landmark expeditions in which the famous Russian explorer took part was presented. The campaign to perpetuate the memory of the pioneer of the Ussuri River and the Sikhote-Alin mountain range was initiated by the Ryazan Branch of the Russian Geographical Society.
The idea of a large-scale celebration of the anniversary of the famous geographer was born during the historical and geographical expedition “The Amur case. Ussuri-2021. In the footsteps of M. I. Venyukov.” It was attended by representatives of seven regions of Russia. The holiday program was prepared by the working groups of the governments of the Ryazan region, the Khabarovsk Territory and the Russian Geographical Society.
Commemorative events began in mid-October with the installation of sculptural portraits of the scientist, created by Moscow sculptor Yevgeny Shevchenko. The first bust was opened on the Alley of Travelers in the Upper City Park of Ryazan, the second one was installed in the city of Korablino, Ryazan Region, the third one – in the village of Venyukovo, Vyazemsky District, Khabarovsk Territory. This settlement was founded in 1859 on the banks of the Ussuri River on the recommendation of Mikhail Venyukov.
— Mikhail Venyukov traveled all over the world. He did a lot of good things for his country. But nevertheless, Mikhail Ivanovich considered his main achievement to be the work on the study of the Far East. Even being abroad in the last years of his life, he did not lose his human connection both with his small homeland – the village of Nikitino, and with the Far Eastern village of Venyukovo, – stressed the chairman of the Ryazan branch of the Russian Geographical Society, Hero of Russia Mikhail Malakhov.
In Venyukov’s small homeland – in the village of Nikitino, Korablinsky district – a memorial plaque was opened on the school building, built with the money of the researcher.
A significant event in a series of solemn events was the premiere of the documentary “Venyukov’s Testament”, created by the Ryazan branch of the Russian Geographical Society and the Innoko Films studio. The tape, which tells about the spiritual and material heritage of the famous geographer, is based on the materials of the expedition of the Ussuri-2021 department.
The first screening of the film took place in the Ryazan cinema “Kinolux”. Then the tape was presented to the residents of the Korablinsky district of the Ryazan region and the Vyazemsky district of the Khabarovsk Territory, as well as in Khabarovsk itself.
From a scientific point of view, the legacy of Venyukov was discussed at the round tables “Mikhail Ivanovich Venyukov: an ascetic of science and free thought” in the city of Korablino and “Pioneers of the Russian land: comprehending history” at the Far Eastern State Scientific Library.
The anniversary events were attended by scientists, local historians, students and schoolchildren, local residents, representatives of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Russian Geographical Society, the authorities of the Ryazan Region and the Khabarovsk Territory. The name Venyukov united these two seemingly distant regions.
– Mikhail Ivanovich Venyukov was elected a member of the Geographical Society of a number of European countries, collaborated with leading geographers of the world, – reminded the director of the Department of Regional Development of the Russian Geographical Society Dmitry Tsapenko.
Mikhail Ivanovich Venyukov (1832-1901) – traveler, geographer, ethnographer, major general. Born in the village of Nikitinsky, Pronsky district, Ryazan province (now the village of Nikitino, Korablinsky district, Ryazan region). He was engaged in the study of the Far East, Transbaikalia, Tien Shan, Issyk-Kul, Altai, the Caucasus, Turkey, Japan, China, Italy, Norway, North Africa, South and Central America, and also traveled around the world.
Venyukov carried out practical studies not only of the vast territories of the Far East and Primorye, but also of Central Asia. Service in the General Staff and the Imperial Russian Geographical Society allowed the scientist to write several fundamental works on the territories along the eastern borders of Russia, monographs on Japan and China.
For several years, Mikhail Ivanovich was the secretary of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. In his will, he left the Russian Geographical Society 8 thousand gold rubles, for which the Venyukov Prize was established for outstanding research in the Far East.