In Tuvalu, according to Prime Minister Natan, there is now a seduction with an ace to save him from drowning. The fill is such that the soil is raised 13 and 16 feet (4 and 5 meters) above the surface by melioration, when the soil is drained.
The President of the Marshall Islands, Kabua, pointed out that while experts warn of the impending uninhabitability of the Marshall Islands, he has to laugh at the fact that the same dam that protects one house contributes to the flooding of the neighboring one.
Natano and Kabua tried to show this reality at the UN General Assembly. Together they founded the First Nations Initiative, a global partnership for the preservation of sovereignty, heritage and first island nations and Pacific atolls, whose very existence is threatened by climate change.
Natano described how the rising water level affects everything from the soil that local residents rely on to grow crops, to houses, roads and power lines that are prone to flooding. According to him, the cost of living will eventually become higher, due to the emigration of families and the disappearance of the nation itself. This is how the Pacific atoll died. This is how our islands will cease to exist, said Natano.
The Indigenous Peoples Initiative strives for declarations from international communities, for the preservation of sovereignty and first Pacific atolls, for the creation of a comprehensive program for building and financing adaptation and resilience projects, for the possibility of preserving the unique heritage of each of the island countries, and for support for inclusion on the World Heritage List UNESCO.
This is how the Pacific atoll died. Thus our islands will cease to exist.
Kausea NatanoPrime Minister of Tuvalu
The initiative received the support of countries such as the United States of America, Germany, Jin Korea and Canada, which recognized the unified state, which island states such as Tuvalu and the Marshall Islands must accept.
The first report of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, published in Norway, recognized the vulnerability of small island developing states and other global hotspots, such as Africa and other Asia, whose populations are 15 times more at risk of extremes than the less vulnerable parts of the world.
If the temperature rises by a few tenths of a degree, it could lead to some areas, including some small islands, becoming uninhabitable, said Adelle Thomasov of Climate Analytics and the University of the Bahamas. Natano emphasized in the middle that Tuvalu and its silent neighbor have not affected climate change in any way and according to their carbon emissions, they amount to less than 0.03% of the total world volume.
It is the first time in history that the collective action of many nations will make several sovereign countries uninhabitable, he said. The representatives of other countries who took part in the event did not shirk their responsibility. Whether you do enough to change the situation remains to be seen.
Several of them have contributed pensions to help island nations pay for early warning systems and bring their buildings up to code to better protect them from hurricanes and other climatic events. To me, however, they were talking about the minor problem of climate change and how to adapt to the negative consequences that have caused it.
We see that the train is going crazy, that it is moving along the tracks and we have to get out of its way, said Amy Pope, the representative of the editor-in-chief of the International Organization for Migration.
German climate envoy Jennifer Morganov, who also attended the event, spoke about the country’s goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2045. However, Germany has committed itself to the gradual end of coal as an energy source by 2030, but due to the lack of energy, caused by the Russian wolf in Ukraine, it had to resume the operation of coal-fired power plants in order to burn the coming winter.
The rich could do a lot more
According to the president of the Marshall Islands, the rich can do much more. During his recent speech at the UN General Assembly, Kabua called on world leaders to focus on fossil fuel-dependent industries, including aviation and shipping.
He pointed to the Marshall Islands’ proposal to introduce a carbon footprint fee for international shipping, which he said would support the move to zero-emission shipping and divert resources from polluters to the most vulnerable.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres similarly called for action against the world’s worst abusers. During his public address, he advocated that the rich country should be taxed on the profits of energy companies and that these funds should be channeled both to countries that are suffering from losses and damages caused by the climate crisis, and to countries that are facing a rising cost of living.
Meanwhile, what rich countries in their speeches at the UN call for others instead of words, Kabua, Natano and their colleagues, representatives of the island states, will continue to live with the daily reality of climate change and try to continue to exist.