Archaeologists of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow published the results of the Russian-Polish expedition in the “Siberian Valley of the Kings” – the Turano-Uyuk basin. In 2021, in an excavated burial mound about 2500 years old, the remains of a woman and a set of gold jewelry, including a pectoral pectoral, were found.
According to Nauka w Polsce, studies of the Chinge-Tei mound have been underway for two years now under the guidance of a senior researcher at the Hermitage, Candidate of Historical Sciences Konstantin Chugunov. According to researchers, the burials date back to the 6th century AD and belong to the Scythians.
A 50-year-old woman lay in a wooden burial chamber. With her were gold jewelry, an iron knife, a bronze mirror and a very well-preserved wooden comb with ornaments.
“A particularly interesting artifact is the golden pectoral, that is, a crescent-shaped hanging decoration. Previously, such objects in the burial mounds of Southern Siberia were found exclusively in male graves,” said Polish archaeologist Lukasz Oleshchak.
The pectoral was considered a symbol of belonging to any social group or caste of men, and finding jewelry in the grave of a woman speaks of her exceptional role in the life of local residents. Scientists suggest that the deceased was part of the “posthumous retinue” of the prince of nomads, who was buried in the area.
In another chamber, the remains of a 2-3 year old child were found, and along the perimeter of the necropolis, bronze arrowheads and other items.