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Will Amur cows produce ten tons of milk per year – Rossiyskaya Gazeta

The Amur Region has long been considered the milk granary of the Far East. According to Rosstat, the region supplies its neighbors with almost as much useful product as it consumes. Other Far Eastern subjects practically all “drink” themselves. But it is not easy for Amur milkmen to stay on top. How the industry lives today and what problems it faces, the “RG” correspondent found out.

Robot milker

The first robotic mega-farm in the Amur Region was opened in the village of Gribskoye. There is a system of voluntary milking of cows. She works 22 hours a day. Thanks to this, each cow can be milked according to her individual needs and productivity. According to Pavel Inyutochkin, head of the agricultural holding that owns the robotic farm, the production capacity of one robotic milker allows to receive up to 3,500 liters of milk daily.

The general milk yield, the number of cows and the condition of the animals are monitored by a special technique. All data is shown on the monitor screen. There is a program where a “dossier” is created for each cow. It reflects important events from their lives. This information is needed by specialists who monitor animal health and monitor what is happening on the farm. Robotization will increase product quality and improve production reliability.

– The technology is now being studied, and in the future this experience can be extended to other regions. Today, the region’s milk supply is more than 50 percent, and this is not enough. Our Ministry of Agriculture is faced with the task of raising this level to 80 percent. For this, state support measures are envisaged: we subsidize part of the capital expenditures for construction, 50 percent – for the purchase of equipment and livestock. Now three more farms are under construction, two are being designed. I hope the new technology will take root, and we will see more than one modern enterprise, – noted the Governor of the Amur Region Vasily Orlov.

By the way, four new farms (opened in Gribskoye plus three under construction), as experts expect, will give the region an additional 26 thousand tons of milk per year.

How much milk does a cow give

Despite the difficult weather conditions that have developed in the Amur region in recent years, the region manages to increase milk production.

– The Amur Region produces about 140 thousand tons of this product per year. For 11 months of 2021, agricultural enterprises showed an increase of 2.9 percent compared to the same period last year. Farmers showed a positive trend of 5.4 percent. Milk yield in subsidiary farms is approximately at the same level as in 2020. I think that in general, according to the results, we will come out somewhere in plus one and a half percent compared to last year, – said Nikolai Lisichenko, head of the department for animal husbandry and pedigree work of the Amur Ministry of Agriculture. – This is taking into account the fact that in 2021 there was again a flood. In difficult conditions, we manage to increase milk production.

15 years ago, in factories, one cow produced an average of 2.5 tons of milk per year. Today, thanks to innovations in feeding, keeping, milking – up to 6.5 tons

According to Lisichenko, technological processes have made great strides in recent years. For example, 15 years ago, in agricultural enterprises, one cow gave an average of 3.2 tons of milk per year. Today, thanks to innovations in feeding, keeping, milking, the figure has grown to 6.5 tons. In the Amur region, technical re-equipment of farms is underway, including thanks to state support. And it’s not just about the farms themselves, the cowsheds and what surrounds the cows. New, more advanced harvesters, new high-protein and high-energy varieties of forage crops appear, which provide an increase in the productivity of animals. By the way, the potential inherent in the genetics of Amur cows has not yet been revealed – they are capable of producing even ten tons per year. But the higher the productivity, the more difficult it is to raise it further.

QR codes

Recently, almost all dairy products on store shelves are labeled. QR codes appeared on the packages. Thanks to a special application, the buyer can now scan them and instantly find out all the information about the product, make sure that there is no fake in front of him. Let us remind you that the first stage of labeling started in June – ice cream and cheeses fell under this, in September it was the turn of products that were stored for more than 40 days, and in December – for goods with a shelf life of less than 40 days. That is, now it is almost impossible to find sour cream or fermented baked milk without a QR code – unless it will be something that is stored for a very long time and released even before the mandatory labeling is introduced.

The introduction of QR codes is very difficult for enterprises – both technologically and economically. For example, at one of the large Amur factories that supply more than 100 products to Far Eastern stores, some packages are manually labeled, since some of the equipment has not yet arrived. This leads to unnecessary costs: you have to spend the employees’ working time, and the process itself is lengthened in time.

At this enterprise, equipping one production line with equipment for marking on average costs from 4.5 to 7.5 million rubles. And there are at least 12 such lines. But that’s not all – there are also running costs.

– We figured out: our annual costs for consumables and for the purchase of QR codes will be at least 43 million rubles a year. But they could be spent on development, – said the technical director of the enterprise Alexander Fetisov.

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